Aaron Avshalomov (11 November 1894 in Nikolayevsk-on-Amur, Russia - 26 April 1965, New York) was a Russian-Chinese composer.
Born into a Jewish family in Nikolayevsk-on-Amur, Khabarovsk Krai, then Russian Empire), he was one of highly qualified Jewish musicians (i.e., Alfred Wittenberg, Walter Joachim, Arrigo Foa, etc.), who fled pogroms and revolutions in Russia in the beginning of the 20th century, went to China (first arrived in Harbin, later moved to Shanghai). They entered the world of Shanghai's academia and trained a number of young Chinese musicians in classical music, who in turn became leading musicians in contemporary China.
Aaron fled China in when the Japanese invaded in 1931 and moved to live in Portland, Oregon, USA.
He was the father of composer Jacob Avshalomov, conductor of the Portland Junior Symphony (now called the Portland Youth Philharmonic Orchestra) from 1953-1994.