The Jackson 5 (also spelled The Jackson Five, or The Jackson 5ive), later known as The Jacksons, were a popular American music family group from Gary, Indiana. Founding group members Jackie, Tito, Jermaine, Marlon and Michael formed the group after performing in an early incarnation called The Jackson Brothers, which originally consisted of a trio of the three older brothers.
Active from 1964 to 1990, the Jacksons played from a repertoire of R&B, soul, pop and later disco. During their six-and-a-half-year Motown tenure, The Jackson 5 were one of the biggest pop-music phenomena of the 1970s, and the band served as the launching pad for the solo careers of their lead singers Jermaine and Michael, the latter brother later transforming his early Motown solo fame into greater success as an adult artist.
The Jackson 5 was the first act in recording history to have their first four major label singles (“I Want You Back,” “ABC,” “The Love You Save” and “I'll Be There”) reach #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 Singles chart. Several later singles, among them “Mama's Pearl,” “Never Can Say Goodbye” and “Dancing Machine,” were Top 5 pop hits and #1 hits on the Billboard R&B Singles chart. Most of the early hits were written and produced by a specialized songwriting team known as “The Corporation.” Later Jackson 5 hits were crafted chiefly by Hal Davis, while early Jacksons hits were compiled by the team of Gamble and Huff before The Jacksons began writing and producing themselves in the late 1970s.
Significantly, they were one of the first black teen idols to appeal equally to white audiences – thanks partially to the successful promotional relations skills of Motown Records CEO Berry Gordy. With their departure from Motown to CBS in 1976, The Jacksons were forced to change their name and Jermaine was replaced with younger brother Randy as Jermaine chose to stay at Motown.
After two years under the Philadelphia International Records label, they signed with Epic Records and asserted control of their songwriting, production, and image, and their success continued into the 1980s with hits such as “Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground),” “Lovely One” and “State of Shock”.
Their 1989 album, “2300 Jackson Street,” was recorded without Michael and Marlon. Michael and Marlon did appear, however, on the title track. The disappointing sales of the album led to the group being dropped by their record label at the end of the year. The group has never formally broken up, but has been dormant since then, although all six brothers performed together at two Michael Jackson tribute concerts in September 2001.
Twenty-two of their singles reached the Billboard Top 40, with four of them reaching the #1 position. The singing efforts of Michael and his brothers led to the group's induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997 and the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 1999. Two of the band's recordings (“ABC” and “I Want You Back”) are among the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's “500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll,” with the latter track also included in the Grammy Hall of Fame.