Neutral Milk Hotel was an American indie rock band formed by singer, guitarist and songwriter Jeff Mangum in the early 1990s. The band was noted for its experimental sound, obscure lyrics and eclectic instrumentation. Neutral Milk Hotel is a part of The Elephant 6 Recording Company, based in Athens, Georgia. The band was one of Elephant 6's three first projects, alongside The Apples in Stereo and Olivia Tremor Control.
The first release under the Neutral Milk Hotel moniker was the 1994 EP “Everything Is,” a short collection of tracks featuring Mangum. On the band's 1996 full-length debut album “On Avery Island,” Mangum was joined by childhood friend and The Apples in Stereo frontman Robert Schneider, who contributed production and instrumentation. Upon the album's release, a full band was formed including horns player Scott Spillane, multi-instrumentalist Julian Koster, and drummer Jeremy Barnes and extensive touring began.
Neutral Milk Hotel released “In the Aeroplane Over the Sea” in 1998, which became their best known and critically acclaimed album. Despite growing popularity, the group disbanded in 1999 after Mangum became disenchanted with touring and the music press, later having a nervous breakdown.